An insufficient production of insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas) in the body. Insulin is vital for transporting glucose around the body which is what gives the body energy to function. Every cell in the body needs glucose for fuel and it is not getting into the cell it will be left circulating in the blood resulting as high blood sugar levels. If blood sugar levels remain high for a prolonged period of time the heart and kidneys can be placed under pressure and form some type of disease. Vision and nerves may also become damaged along with other complications int he body.
There are two types of diabetes:
Type 1 – Insulin dependent: This is less common and usually occurs before the age of 30, although can occur at any time of life.
Type 2 – Non insulin dependent. Most common, usually occurs after the age of 40.
The first signs of diabetes type 2 are: